Flu Prevention and Treatment

The flu, or influenza, is an extremely contagious respiratory illness that is caused by a virus. Each fall and winter is considered flu season, and different strains of the flu can impact people in various areas across the United States. For most people, the flu brings about a mild to moderate illness that lasts one to two weeks. However, some individuals are at greater risk of experiencing complications from the flu, such as older adults, young babies and children, and those with already compromised immune systems. Common flu symptoms include a fever and/or feverish chills, cough, sore throat, headaches, fatigue, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, vomiting, and diarrhea. Not everyone who gets the flu will have all of these symptoms, and the presence of these symptoms do not indicate with complete certainty that the flu is the cause. However, when several of these symptoms set in abruptly and severely, the flu is most commonly the reason.

Educating yourself about the symptoms of the flu is the best way to know what to do if you do get it, but it’s also important to understand how the flu spreads and how you can prevent it in the first place. If you happen to get the flu, you will need to explore flu treatment options so you can stop feeling sick as soon as possible and return to your normal life. At NCHS, we offer flu treatment options all year round for those with mild to severe cases of the flu, and we can even help you determine if you do, in fact, have the flu or just a common cold. Before we dive in to flu causes, treatment, and prevention, let’s take a look at the common cold and how it differs from the flu, as well as how you can tell the difference between the two.

The Common Cold

The first step in caring for the common cold is identifying that what you have is, in fact, the common cold. Visit an NCHS location near you to have a doctor confirm that what you’re experiencing is common cold symptoms and not something more serious. Differentiating between a cold, a respiratory infection, a sinus infection, the flu, and other common sicknesses is important because the treatment for each is a little different. If you do have a simple common cold, rest assured that NCHS can help you start feeling better quickly. Our common cold treatment will help you take the first step in healing. Take a look at the common cold symptoms below so you have an idea of what a cold entails.

  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Scratchy or sore throat
  • Congestion
  • Cough
  • Low-grade fever
  • Body aches
  • Mild headache
  • Sneezing

It’s important to note that not everyone will experience all of these common cold symptoms, and sometimes these symptoms are associated with or can be indicators of another sickness. But if you think you have a cold and need common cold treatment, be sure to schedule an appointment or walk in to any NCHS location.

What Causes the Common Cold?

If you’re wondering what causes the common cold, you’re not alone. Colds are a result of a virus, most commonly rhinoviruses. Colds spread through germs that are passed around by touch or by droplets in the air after someone with a cold coughs or sneezes. You can also get a cold by touching contaminated things, like doorknobs, cups, utensils, phones, toys, and more.

Since viruses change and cannot be eradicated by antibiotics or other medication, there is technically no cure for the common cold. The best thing you can do when you have common cold symptoms is try to get rid of the symptoms and discomfort while giving your body the best chance to heal quickly.

Common Cold Treatment

Since there is no cure for the common cold, you simply need to let it run its course and do whatever you can to feel better and help your body heal and fight the virus. If you have a high fever or a bad headache, you can ask your doctor about pain relievers that can help with common cold treatment. You can also utilize nasal sprays, decongestants, cough drops, and cough syrup if need be. There are also a number of vitamins that will help with common cold treatment to boost your immune system and help you fight off the virus faster and more effectively. Consuming more fluids, including soup and drinks, will assist you in staying hydrated and get better faster. Even if you don’t feel like eating, be sure to eat some nutritionally-dense foods during a cold to help your body heal faster. Protein helps your body recover and heal, and antioxidant-rich foods will help you feel better faster. Resting is also key to common cold treatment. Be sure to sleep as much as you need to so that your body has a chance to recover from the sickness.

If you are experiencing common cold symptoms or are looking for common cold treatment, come visit any one of our NCHS locations and get on the road to feeling better! If you’re experiencing symptoms that are commonly associated with a cold but feel that your sickness is more than just a cold, you may have the flu. Read on to learn more about the flu to help you determine if you may have it and if you should seek medical attention.

What Are the Main Differences Between the Common Cold and the Flu?

If you’re feeling sick and need to know if you have a cold or the flu, the best way to find out is to seek medical attention. However, you may be able to determine the severity of your sickness at home which can help you make the best decision on what to do. The main difference between the flu and a cold is the severity of the symptoms as well as the presence of a fever. Colds are not usually accompanied by a fever, and people with colds can usually still take part in their daily activities, though they may feel a little yucky or more quickly run down. A person with the flu will likely have little to no energy and no appetite, and their fatigue can last for several weeks, whereas a person with a cold will only experience symptoms for about a week. Additionally, runny and stuffy noses are more common with a cold than with the flu, while vomiting is more common with the flu.

How Do You Get the Flu?

The flu is extremely contagious. It is completely viral, like the common cold, so once you have it, you become a carrier who can then pass it on to others. The flu can be passed from one person to another through direct contact, such as kissing, sharing cups and utensils, holding hands, and so on. It can also be transferred through objects, such as when one person touches a doorknob that was recently touched by someone with the flu. Additionally, the flu can spread through the air, such as when a sick person coughs or sneezes and their germs travel through to air to infect another individual. It is important to note that not only can flu germs live on a dormant surface for several hours, but people can be contagious before they even start showing symptoms of the flu. This makes prevention even more important as you may not know that you or someone around you has the flu. Being extra cautious can help you avoid transferring and contracting the flu virus.

How Can You Prevent the Flu?

The best way to avoid flu treatment is to simply prevent the flu in the first place. While not everyone will be successful in preventing the flu, the more you do to protect yourself, the less likely you are to get it. Additionally, the healthier you are before getting the flu, the more likely it is that your sickness will be shorter and less severe than it would be otherwise. One way to try to prevent it is by getting the flu shot. Although it is not 100% effective and can have risks associated with it, it can help reduce your chances of getting sick. In healthy adults, flu shot effectiveness is between 40% and 60% when the vaccine matches the most common flu strands. Depending on your age and overall health, the vaccine has different levels of effectiveness, but it has been shown to at least reduce the severity of the flu if it doesn’t completely prevent it.

Other than getting vaccinated, you can take many other measures to prevent the flu. Generally, the healthier you are, the less likely you are to get the flu. This means that you should eat a healthy diet full of plenty of fruits and vegetables, take your vitamins daily, and drink plenty of water. You should also minimize consumption of processed foods and sugars, particularly when you’re starting to feel a little sick, as refined sugars feed disease and can make you sicker faster and for longer. It’s also important to maintain a healthy lifestyle which should include exercising regularly. This helps keep your immune system up and makes your body stronger when it comes to fighting off sickness. Getting enough sleep and keeping your stress levels under control are also hugely important when it comes to flu prevention and your overall health. A lack of sleep and extreme stress levels can quickly wreak havoc on your immune system and your health, and many people struggle to recover from sickness quickly when they are exhausted and stressed. Some people also like to utilize other prevention tips to minimize the risk of getting the flu, such as taking antioxidant supplements, drinking immune-boosting teas, and the like. You can also visit a chiropractor at NCHS to ensure your central nervous system is functioning well so that your immune system can work optimally.

In addition to maintaining a healthy lifestyle, there are a number of other prevention tips you should take advantage of to stay healthy this flu season. Washing your hands regularly is a big part of preventing the flu as it gets rid of any germs that you’ve picked up from others or that have come from your own body. Minimize contact with sick individuals, if possible. This can be challenging if you’re caring for a sick family member or if you work in certain fields that require close contact with others, but do your best to keep your distance from people who are sick. If you can’t avoid interacting with sick individuals, or even if you can, you should also minimize how much you touch your face, particularly your eyes, mouth, and nose. If you do have germs on your hands, they can be washed away before you breathe them in if you keep your hands away from your face. Whether you have the flu or not, always try to cough or sneeze into a tissue or napkin rather than your hands. If you don’t have a tissue, it’s better to sneeze into your elbow or shoulder than your hands as well. Finally, follow attendance policies regarding sickness at your workplace and your children’s schools. Generally speaking, you should be fever-free for 24 hours and have no symptoms before you return to work or school. While these things may not prevent you from getting the flu, they can help you to avoid getting sick and at the very least will minimize the spreading of the flu if you or your children get sick.

What Are the Best Treatment Options for the Flu?

If you think you have the flu, it’s best to seek treatment sooner rather than later. Even though the flu is viral and cannot be eradicated with antibiotics, getting ahead of the sickness will help minimize its length and severity. Schedule an appointment for flu treatment as soon as you suspect you have the flu, and begin taking better care of yourself by eating well, drinking plenty of fluids, and getting enough rest as soon as you begin feeling sick. At your doctor’s appointment, you may be given an antiviral medication. This can help reduce the severity of the symptoms and may even shorten the time you are experiencing flu symptoms. Antivirals may also be prescribed as a preventative measure if someone you’ve come in close contact with has the flu or if there is a severe outbreak in your area.

If you are at a high risk of developing complications from the flu, it is especially important that you get flu treatment quickly. Even if you’re not considered “at risk,” you could still develop bronchitis, pneumonia, ear infections, sinus infections, and other secondary issues that could prolong your sickness. The best thing to do is be proactive as soon as you start feeling a little sick. This means drinking more water, eating more foods with antioxidants, doubling up on important vitamins or minerals, and minimizing stress levels, all the while maximizing that amount of time that you’re sleeping.

If you want to learn more about the flu, preventing the flu, treatment of the flu, or anything related, get in touch with NCHS today. We offer same-day appointments at most of our locations, and we can provide a number of health care services for you and your whole family, from sickness care to wellness care and everything in between. We are proud to be a leader in affordable health care in North County San Diego and Riverside Counties and look forward to serving you and your family.